Save the Children International’s Regional Program based in Lima supports the children and consultation process from the Post 2015 agenda.
As known, the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) will end next year, 2015, and the progress in achieving them has been uneven. In 2010, NU member states started to the Development Agenda that will replace the MDG. In 2012 and 2013, open and inclusive consultations have taken place in order to develop the new goals. A High Level Panel (HLP) has been appointed by NU’s General Secretary in order to make recommendations for the Development Agenda using the consultations.
Children and adolescent have not had an active participation in this consultations, only through panels and online consultations. As Save the Children consider their participation fundamental, children from their projects “Protagonistas” and “Children Lead the Way” have participated in this process by giving their opinion towards the elaboration of the Post 2015 agenda having as objectives:
- Ensure that children and adolescents from Bolivia, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Paraguay and Peru have the opportunity to give their opinion on the Development agenda proposal through a participatory process.
- That states consider children and adolescents opinions and inform them on the outcome of their contributions to the process.
To achieve these objectives the following was done:
- Production of a HLP report friendly version and a consultation guide for the facilitators
- Children and adolescents consultations
- Advocacy actions on LAC states on their position towards the Post 2015 agenda
In Peru, 16 adolescents attended the consultation “The world that we dream for 2030”. They represent different organizations in Lima’s districts. Among the results, the following were found:
Millennium Development Goals
|Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger||-Implement the “milk glass” program and communal diners, Qaliwarma program.-Communities, organizations and companies help to diminish poverty.||-Mendicity and poverty have high indexes.-Not all communities, organizations and companies help to diminish poverty.-Poor people don’t let others support them.-There are not many opportunities to progress.|
|Achieve universal primary education||-Basic guidelines for primary education have been established.-Education is free.||-Lack of primary education implementation.-NNAs from rural areas don’t study or their education is not very good.|
|Promote gender equality and empower women||-Gender equality plans.-There are people that don’t care much what the other is thinking.-Some respect others beliefs.-People don’t value themselves for who they are.||-There is no diffusion of gender plans.-Everyone thinks we are better than others because we live in Lima.-Some are not conscious that they don’t want to be treated like that.-People from provinces and different gender are being discriminated|
|Reduce child mortality||-Infant mortality has been reduced.||-Health specialist practice clandestine abortions and there is no control from the estate.|
|Improve maternal health||-Maternal health has been reconsidered within labor law and education principlesReserved and secure seat.||-Teen mothers.-No respect for reserved seats and insurance paper work are complicated and it has a bad attention.|
|Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases||-At present is tractable in Peru-Free checks.||-Lack of information on treatment access in areas far from the city.-Few people go to treatment because of shame and fear.|
|Ensure environmental sustainability||-An environment ministry has been created to improve public policies and is developing sustainable development.-“Adopt a tree” program was done.||-Illegal deforestation in areas such as the jungle.-Some companies work cutting trees without thinking of the community.|
|Global partnership for development||-Some countries have made conventions to sell and buy products.-Migrating facilities.||-it develops in a centralized way.-Some countries are still in war even though the pact has been signed.|
In Nicaragua, 150 NNA were consulted through organizations in different areas of the country. The organizations that participated were: Casa Alianza, Plan, Terre des homes, Intervida, Unicef, Capri and Cesesma. Among the results:
|Most urgent objective for the country||Guarantee healthy lives|
|Guarantee a good governance and efficient institutions|
|The objective that is more difficult to achieve||Eradicate poverty|
|Strengthen girls and women capacities and achieve gender equality|
|The objective you consider is less urgent for Nicaragua||Create an enabling global environment to achieve long term financing|
|Manage the natural resources in a sustainable way|
|The objective that may benefit children and adolescents in the world||Enable quality education and lifetime learning|
|Guarantee healthy lives|
|Ensure food safety and good nutrition|
|New objective in Nicaragua to accomplish NNA’s rights||That NNA’s opinions are valued and respected by everyone|
|Guarantee the right to speak freely|
|Ensure NNA’s right with university education and adapt to the communities conditions|
962 NNA’s participated in Bolivia; the distribution:
|Schools that participated||3||14||3||
|Number of children/teams that were part of each event||100 children (49 girls and 51 boys)||638||5||
|Fathers and mothers||91||17||0||
|Participating authorities||6 (school boards, Youth city manager, Education city manager and El Alto’s regional service personnel)||4 Networks manager, Health and sports ministry services and quality, MSD’s Continuous attention unit maternal health national responsible technician, Continuous attention childhood and personnel responsible)||
|SCI personnel||25 (20 women and 5 men), 1 volunteer||27||
|Other important data||10 (8 Cebras/vial educator leaders; 2 Local government school complementary alimentation unit technicians)||42 (30 journalists from 21 media places, 12 NGO and other institutions representatives)||
In parallel, the Global Movement for Childhood in Latin America and the Caribbean (MMI-LAC) has been involved in this consultation process though it member organizations. Consultations were done in Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, México, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay for approximately 4,000 children and adolescents.
The main problem identified by these NNAs was violence and themes related with what causes it and its consequences, such as addiction, social exclusion, discrimination and family disintegration. Thus, children emphasize their parents’ active participation in their lives and their protection against violence and exploitation. Also, their right to play, access to quality education and being heard. They want to promote schools as a place for prevention and protection against violence.
Moreover, social inequality and poverty eradication is a theme of interest for NNAs. They link it with the difficult access to the education system.
They need stronger families so they can feel protected; for example the creation of decent jobs.
Furthermore, a major participation from NNA en different places, especially in the ones that related to politics and public interest. This, as a way of guaranteeing citizens rights.
Finally, this 5th February a side event “A world without violence against children” is taking place in parallel to the Open Working Group on the Agenda Post 2015 taking place in New York. This is being organized by the governments of Canada and Panama, Child Fund Alliance, UN, Plan, Save the Children, SOS Children’s Villages, Unicef and World Vision with the goal of ensuring all children live a life free from all forms of violence, are protected in conflicts and disasters and thrive in a safe family environment.