Children and adolescents consultation – Post 2015 agenda

Save the Children International’s Regional Program based in Lima supports the children and consultation process from the Post 2015 agenda.

As known, the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) will end next year, 2015, and the progress in achieving them has been uneven.  In 2010, NU member states started to the Development Agenda that will replace the MDG.  In 2012 and 2013, open and inclusive consultations have taken place in order to develop the new goals.  A High Level Panel (HLP) has been appointed by NU’s General Secretary in order to make recommendations for the Development Agenda using the consultations.

Children and adolescent have not had an active participation in this consultations, only through panels and online consultations.  As Save the Children consider their participation fundamental, children from their projects “Protagonistas” and “Children Lead the Way” have participated in this process by giving their opinion towards the elaboration of the Post 2015 agenda having as objectives:

  1. Ensure that children and adolescents from Bolivia, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Paraguay and Peru have the opportunity to give their opinion on the Development agenda proposal through a participatory process.
  2. That states consider children and adolescents opinions and inform them on the outcome of their contributions to the process.

To achieve these objectives the following was done:

  1. Production of a HLP report friendly version and a consultation guide for the facilitators
  2. Children and adolescents consultations
  3. Advocacy actions on LAC states on their position towards the Post 2015 agenda

In Peru, 16 adolescents attended the consultation “The world that we dream for 2030”.  They represent different organizations in Lima’s districts.  Among the results, the following were found:

Millennium Development Goals

Positive perspective

Negative perspective

Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger -Implement the “milk glass” program   and communal diners, Qaliwarma program.-Communities, organizations and companies help to diminish poverty. -Mendicity and poverty have high indexes.-Not all communities, organizations and companies help to diminish poverty.-Poor people don’t let others   support them.-There are not many opportunities   to progress.
Achieve universal primary   education -Basic guidelines for primary   education have been established.-Education is free. -Lack of primary education   implementation.-NNAs from rural areas don’t study   or their education is not very good.
Promote gender equality and   empower women -Gender equality plans.-There are people that don’t care   much what the other is thinking.-Some respect others beliefs.-People don’t value themselves for   who they are. -There is no diffusion of gender   plans.-Everyone thinks we are better than   others because we live in Lima.-Some are not conscious that they   don’t want to be treated like that.-People from provinces and   different gender are being discriminated
Reduce child mortality -Infant mortality has been   reduced. -Health specialist practice   clandestine abortions and there is no control from the estate.
Improve maternal health -Maternal health has been   reconsidered within labor law and education principlesReserved and secure seat. -Teen mothers.-No respect for reserved seats and   insurance paper work are complicated and it has a bad attention.
Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases -At present is tractable in Peru-Free checks. -Lack of information on treatment   access in areas far from the city.-Few people go to treatment   because of shame and fear.
Ensure environmental   sustainability -An environment ministry has been   created to improve public policies and is developing sustainable development.-“Adopt a tree” program was done. -Illegal deforestation in areas   such as the jungle.-Some companies work cutting trees   without thinking of the community.
Global partnership for   development -Some countries have made conventions   to sell and buy products.-Migrating facilities. -it develops in a centralized way.-Some countries are still in war   even though the pact has been signed.

In Nicaragua, 150 NNA were consulted through organizations in different areas of the country.  The organizations that participated were: Casa Alianza, Plan, Terre des homes, Intervida, Unicef, Capri and Cesesma.  Among the results:

Most urgent objective for   the country Guarantee healthy lives
Guarantee a good governance and efficient   institutions
The objective that is more   difficult to achieve Eradicate poverty
Strengthen girls and women capacities and achieve   gender equality
The objective you consider   is less urgent for Nicaragua Create an enabling global environment to achieve   long term financing
Manage the natural resources in a sustainable way
The objective that may   benefit children and adolescents in the world Enable quality education and lifetime learning
Guarantee healthy lives
Ensure food safety and good nutrition
New objective in Nicaragua   to accomplish NNA’s rights That NNA’s opinions are valued and respected by   everyone
Guarantee the right to speak freely
Ensure NNA’s right with university education and   adapt to the communities conditions

962 NNA’s participated in Bolivia; the distribution:

Coexistence

Championship

Press conference

Total

Schools   that participated 3 14 3

20

Number   of children/teams that were part of each event 100 children (49 girls and 51 boys) 638 5

745

Fathers   and mothers 91 17 0

108

Participating   authorities 6 (school boards, Youth city manager,   Education city manager and El Alto’s regional service personnel) 4 Networks manager, Health and sports ministry   services and quality, MSD’s Continuous attention unit maternal health   national responsible technician, Continuous attention childhood and personnel   responsible)

10

SCI   personnel 25 (20 women and 5 men), 1 volunteer 27

27

(average)

Other   important data 10 (8 Cebras/vial educator leaders; 2 Local   government school complementary alimentation unit technicians) 42   (30 journalists from 21 media places, 12 NGO and other institutions representatives)

52

General   total

962

 

MMI-LAC:

In parallel, the Global Movement for Childhood in Latin America and the Caribbean (MMI-LAC) has been involved in this consultation process though it member organizations.  Consultations were done in Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, México, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay for approximately 4,000 children and adolescents.

The main problem identified by these NNAs was violence and themes related with what causes it and its consequences, such as addiction, social exclusion, discrimination and family disintegration.  Thus, children emphasize their parents’ active participation in their lives and their protection against violence and exploitation.  Also, their right to play, access to quality education and being heard.  They want to promote schools as a place for prevention and protection against violence.

Moreover, social inequality and poverty eradication is a theme of interest for NNAs.  They link it with the difficult access to the education system.

They need stronger families so they can feel protected; for example the creation of decent jobs.

Furthermore, a major participation from NNA en different places, especially in the ones that related to politics and public interest.  This, as a way of guaranteeing citizens rights.

Finally, this 5th February a side event “A world without violence against children” is taking place in parallel to the Open Working Group on the Agenda Post 2015 taking place in New York.  This is being organized by the governments of Canada and Panama, Child Fund Alliance, UN, Plan, Save the Children, SOS Children’s Villages, Unicef and World Vision with the goal of ensuring all children live a life free from all forms of violence, are protected in conflicts and disasters and thrive in a safe family environment.

A world without violence against children

Also see:

– Brief on Children and Young People’s Voices and Recommendations for the Post 2015 Agenda

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